Landlocked cities with ships?

τῶν ἦρχ᾽ Ἀγκαίοιο πάϊς κρείων Ἀγαπήνωρ
ἑξήκοντα νεῶν: πολέες δ᾽ ἐν νηῒ ἑκάστῃ
Ἀρκάδες ἄνδρες ἔβαινον ἐπιστάμενοι πολεμίζειν.
αὐτὸς γάρ σφιν δῶκεν ἄναξ ἀνδρῶν Ἀγαμέμνων
νῆας ἐϋσσέλμους περάαν ἐπὶ οἴνοπα πόντον
Ἀτρεΐδης, ἐπεὶ οὔ σφι θαλάσσια ἔργα μεμήλει.

Agapenor, the son of Ancaius, led the Arcadians with sixty ships. Many Arcadian men went on each ship knowing how to fight. Agamemnon, the king of men, himself gave them well-benched ships to cross the wine dark sea since they had no concern for things to do with the sea.

Hom. Il. 2.60

I am currently reading the Iliad and am on the catalogue of ships which I am reading with the help of a map. The clearest online map I could find is at although it does not give all the places.

For my own enjoyment of the Iliad I am assuming the Iliad is entirely true and that the catalogue of ships is an accurate description of the Greek fleet as it set out for Troy. OK I know it’s not but you have to suspend your disbelief to enjoy Homer. With this in mind there are a quite a number of oddities about the catalogue of ships. One of them is that a number of completely landlocked areas sent men and supplied ships. One of these was Arcadia as in the quote above. Here Homer helpfully supplies an explanation of how they got their ships. But what about these?

οἳ δ᾽ εἶχον Τρίκκην καὶ Ἰθώμην κλωμακόεσσαν,
οἵ τ᾽ ἔχον Οἰχαλίην πόλιν Εὐρύτου Οἰχαλιῆος,
τῶν αὖθ᾽ ἡγείσθην Ἀσκληπιοῦ δύο παῖδε
ἰητῆρ᾽ ἀγαθὼ Ποδαλείριος ἠδὲ Μαχάων:
τοῖς δὲ τριήκοντα γλαφυραὶ νέες ἐστιχόωντο.

As for those that held Trikka and rocky Ithome and those that held Oichialia, the city of Eurytos the Oichalian, these the two sons of Asclepius led, the good doctors Podaleiros and Machaon. Thirty hollow ships were arrayed for them.

Hom. Il. 2.729

According to the map, these people lived in an entirely landlocked area of Greece so where did they get their ships from? I suppose you have to assume they borrowed them from their neighbours closer to the sea but Homer does not make this explicit. If so, how come there was such a surplus of ships that some states could lend them to others. I have no idea.

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